Founded in 50 AD during the time of the Roman empire, the name originated from the historic name „Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium“ (CCAA). Agrippina, the wife of the 4th Roman emperor Claudius, declared the former village „Oppidum Ubiorum“ a city.
After being conquered in 455 by the Franks, the cultures of the Franks and Romans merged in the following centuries. From the 10th century onward Cologne gained religious influence. During the High Medieval Ages, from 11th to 13th century, it already had 40,000 inhabitants. With a length of 7.5km and more than a dozen gates, the city walls of Cologne were quite exceptional; they even outshone the city walls of Paris at that time. Since the 12th century, the city’s name also included the epithet „Sancta“ (Latin: „holy“), which it shared with Jerusalem, Constantinople and Rome.
The construction of the Cologne Cathedral (German: Kölner Dom) began in 1248 to strengthen the religious importance of the city. Unfortunately, the construction lasted until 1880 — over 600 years.
Due to several air raids during the second world war, most of the city, including the Cathedral, was damaged or destroyed. The population had decreased to only 100,000 people and it took until 1975 to recover to one million.
Features Of Cologne
Typical about Cologne is its local beer, the „Kölsch“, which happens to have the same name, as the regional dialect. But Cologne is more well known for its Carnival, known as the fifth season. It was invented in the dark ages as the last big festivity before Lent and officially starts on the November 11 at 11:11 o’clock. However, the main part does not begin until Weiberfastnacht, the 46th day before Easter and ends on Ash Wednesday. It includes costumes, music and parades.
Cologne (English: /kəˈloʊn/; German: Köln, pronounced [kœln], or in the local Kölsch dialect: Kölle [ˈkœɫə]) has grown to be the largest city in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich). It is home to several universities and up to 72,000 students. The University of Cologne, which will be the host of ICPS 2019, is not only the oldest university in Cologne but also the largest in Germany with almost 50,000 students.
In addition to its academic importance, Cologne boasts a thriving industry with a strong focus on the media and broadcasting sector.